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Express Entry

Simplifying Canada's Immigration Process: Express Entry

Express Entry is Canada’s efficient application management system used for the selection of new immigrants to Canada. Since its inception in 2015, this system has brought about significant changes, streamlining the process for various economic immigration programs for permanent residency in Canada.

In order to qualify for entry into the pool of applicants, one must qualify from one of the following federal programs for permanent residency: The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), the Federal Skilled Trades (FSTP) Program, and even a portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs).

The Transition to Express Entry

Gone are the days of a first-come, first-served approach to selecting a permanent residence. Now, eligible applicants for the mentioned immigration programs are placed in an Express Entry pool. Through a comprehensive scoring grid, the system identifies the most qualified individuals based on the economic needs of Canada and job type. This selection of applicants is based on the current minimum cut-off score for each draw that is typically held on a bi-monthly basis. 

Why does Canada use the Express Entry system?

1. Streamlined Application Process

Express Entry has  simplified the application process for skilled individuals hoping to immigrate to Canada. The elimination of the first-come, first-served approach ensures that candidates are selected based on their qualifications  – age, education, language score and job type , rather than their timing. It provides a fair and equal opportunity for all eligible applicants.

2. Reduced Processing Times

By using a digital selection system, the processing times for permanent residency applications are reduced. By implementing a comprehensive scoring system, the most qualified candidates  at the time of each draw are identified instantly, allowing for a faster pathway to immigration. This efficiency benefits both the applicants and the Canadian economy.

3. Integration with the Job Market

Express Entry is designed to support Canada’s labour market needs. By selecting applicants based on their job type eligible candidates are chosen based on the Canadian industries that are in most need of workers. For those applicants that have obtained a job offer from a Canadian employer or have obtain a nomination from a province or territory, candidates can enhance their chances of receiving an invitation to apply for permanent residency in the pool. This integration facilitates the successful integration of newcomers into the Canadian workforce.

4. Provincial Nominee Programs

The integration of the Provincial Nominee Programs within Express Entry is a remarkable feature. Candidates nominated by a specific province or territory receive additional points, which increases their overall score. These additional points provide them with a competitive edge and improve their chances of being invited to apply for permanent residency. From time-to-time the provinces will go into the pool to select candidates on job type.  

How Express Entry Works: A two step process

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The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) is Canada’s flagship immigration program for skilled professionals. It welcomes thousands of newcomers annually by focusing on their ability to become economically established in Canada. Let’s explore the FSWP, its eligibility requirements, and the benefits it offers.

Eligibility Requirements

To qualify for the FSWP, applicants must score a minimum of 67 out of 100 points based on the program’s scoring points system.

Key scoring factors:

  1. Relevant Work Experience: A minimum of one year of continuous full-time or equivalent foreign work experience in a skilled occupation (NOC in skill level TEER 0,1,2 or 3 within the past 10 years.

  2. Language Proficiency: Proof of language ability in English and/or French through a recognized standardized language test.

  3. Settlement Funds: Demonstrating sufficient settlement funds as determined by the government.

Advantages of the FSWP

Engaging in the FSWP offers several advantages for skilled professionals:

  1. Timely Processing: Applications can be processed within six (6) months, ensuring a streamlined and efficient procedure.

  2. Access to Permanent Residency: Successful applicants can obtain permanent residency, granting them stability, healthcare, education, and employment opportunities.

  3. Integration and Growth: The FSWP encourages newcomers to integrate into Canadian communities, contributing their skills and enriching the country’s social fabric.

The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) is designed for skilled workers seeking permanent residency based on their trade qualifications. Let’s explore the eligibility requirements and key details of this program.

Eligibility Requirements

To qualify for the FSTP, you must:

  1. Meet the required language levels for speaking, reading, writing, and listening.
  2. Have a minimum of two (2) years of full-time (or equivalent part-time) work experience in a skilled trade within the last five (5) years.
  3. Meet the job requirements for your skilled trade as per the National Occupational Classification (NOC), except for needing a certificate of qualification.
  4. Possess either a valid job offer of full-time employment for at least one (1) year or a certificate of qualification issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial, or federal authority.

Organizational Structure of FSTP

The FSTP is categorized into the following groups based on the National Occupational Classification (NOC):

  1. Major Group 72 – Industrial, Electrical, and Construction Trades
  2. Major Group 73 – Maintenance and Equipment Operation Trades
  3. Major Group 82 – Supervisors and Technical Jobs in Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Related Production
  4. Major Group 92 – Processing, Manufacturing, and Utilities Supervisors and Central Control Operators
  5. Minor Group 632 – Chefs and Cooks
  6. Minor Group 633 – Butchers and Bakers

These groups cover a wide range of skilled trades, including industries like manufacturing, electrical work, construction, maintenance, equipment operation, natural resources, agriculture, processing, manufacturing, utilities, culinary arts, butchery, and baking.

By meeting the FSTP requirements and leveraging your skills in these trades, you can open doors to a successful career and the opportunity to become a permanent resident of Canada.

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) offers skilled workers with Canadian work experience a pathway to become permanent residents. To be eligible, you must meet the following requirements:

  1. Language Proficiency: Achieve the required language levels based on the National Occupation Classification (NOC):


  • Canadian Language Benchmark 7 for TEER 0 or TEER 1 jobs or
  • Canadian Language Benchmark 5 for TEER 2 or TEER 3 jobs


  1. Work Experience: Accumulate at least one year of Canadian skilled work experience in the last three years in a TEER 0, 1, 2, or 3 job classification.

Note that self-employment and work experience gained as a full-time student do not count towards the program.

Start your journey towards Canadian permanent residency today through the Canadian Experience Class!

Immigrate to Canada with Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)

The federal government grants Canadian provinces and territories the authority to “nominate” applicants based on their specific economic and labor needs. This empowers provinces to select individuals who desire to immigrate to Canada, considering their eligibility for a particular provincial program and the commitment to settle in the respective province.

Exploring PNP Programs as an Alternate Path to Canadian Immigration

If you find yourself without enough points to be selected through Express Entry or ineligible for other federal immigration categories, Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) can serve as an excellent option to immigrate to Canada.

Collaboration between Participating Provinces and Territories and IRCC

Participating provinces and territories have established agreements with Immigration Refugee Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that enable them to choose immigrants who fulfill their specific requirements. Once an individual qualifies for a PNP, the province can nominate them through Express Entry, awarding an additional 600 points under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

Tailored Selection Criteria for Each Province

Provinces offering PNP programs have their own set of selection criteria designed to attract immigrants with skills that are in demand locally but not readily available. These selection criteria and occupations vary across provinces, encompassing fields such as information technology, medicine, agriculture, trades, business, investors, and individuals with ties to Canada.

Learn More About Each Province’s PNP or Contact Beaver for Assistance

To gain a comprehensive understanding of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) offered by different provinces, click on the link below. Alternatively, you can reach out to Beaver for further information and guidance.

The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) provide a valuable pathway for individuals aspiring to immigrate to Canada. By collaborating with the federal government, provinces can select immigrants who possess the skills and qualifications that align with their specific needs. If you are considering Canadian immigration, exploring the PNP programs is a wise choice to increase your chances of a successful application.

Click on the button below to fill out the assessment


By completing this form Beaver Immigration will assess your eligibility for Canadian immigration and provide you with various visa options. If you are eligible for one of Canada’s visa programs a representative will contact you directly.

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